2019 Jul 16;8:118. doi: 10.1186/s13756-019-0559-6. SUPP 2: Figure 2: UV-Vis spectra analysis of the six peaks detected in the chromatographic profiles of 30%, 50%, and 70% hydroethanolic extracts of Kalanchoe brasiliensis fresh leaves collected in September (HES30, HES50, and HES70) by HPLC-DAD at 254 nm. seus próprios Pins no Pinterest.  who described the cytotoxic effect of eupafolin that can partially be explained by alterations promoted on biological membrane properties. Kalanchoe brasiliensis, the folha-da-fortuna, saião, folha-da-costa or coerama, is a plant species in the genus Kalanchoe.  previously described that the flavonoids quercetin and naringenin affected bacterial membrane potential, increasing its permeability. Int J Mol Sci. B. Koatz et al. Bras. Kalanchoe magnidens N.E.Br. Mar 18, 2016 - Explore Burness King's board "KALANCHO" on Pinterest. , also using this method among others to investigate the antioxidant ability of hydroethanolic extracts of guava leaves, demonstrated that the activity of 50% hydroethanolic extract was more expressive than 30%, 70%, and 90%. A. Matos, “Atividade antimicrobiana de plantas popularmente usadas no Ceará,”, P. N. Reddy, K. Srirama, and V. R. Dirisala, “An update on clinical burden, diagnostic tools, and therapeutic options of, T. M. da Costa, P. G. M. Morgado, F. S. Cavalcante, A. P. Damasco, S. A. Nouér, and K. R. N. dos Santos, “Clinical and microbiological characteristics of heteroresistant and vancomycin-intermediate, C. Babii, L. G. Bahrin, A. N. Neagu et al., “Antibacterial activity and proposed action mechanism of a new class of synthetic tricyclic flavonoids,”, S. Farooq, A. T. Wahab, C. D. A. Fozing, A. U. Rahman, and M. I. Choudhary, “Artonin I inhibits multidrug resistance in, C. N. Fhogartaigh and D. A. WHO. Fernandes JM, Félix-Silva J, da Cunha LM, Gomes JA, Siqueira EM, Gimenes LP, Lopes NP, Soares LA, Fernandes-Pedrosa MF, Zucolotto SM. 2016;2016:9. doi: 10.1155/2016/7432797.7432797 leaf, a preliminary study. The time-kill curves of HEJ70 and HES70 (, , and ) and levofloxacin (LEV) () were carried out for S. Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708), S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311), and Salmonella spp. 1507708 were prepared as described above (2.8.1) and used to spectrophotometrically measure the extravasation of compounds absorbing at 280 nm (loss of proteins and intracellular genetic material) in the supernatant as reported by Kim et al. Optical density (OD) was spectrophotometrically recorded at 640 nm before incubation () and every 60 min for 12 h, and the final measurement was performed at 24 h. The bacterial growth curve was constructed as a function of the OD640 variation over time. Kalanchoe Species: Kalanchoe crenata Name . Le nom scientifique de cette plante est Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess, et ses feuilles peuvent être achetées dans les magasins de produits naturels et dans certaines pharmacies de manipulation, très consommées sous forme de thés, jus de fruits ou utilisées dans la préparation d’onguent et de perfusion. The American Type Culture Collection (ATCC®) reference strains were obtained from the Instituto Nacional de Controle de Qualidade em Saúde (INCQS), Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. These strains were identified by a VITEK® 2 automated system (bioMérieux, Durham, NC, USA). 2017. Purified water was obtained using the Milli-Q Plus® system (Millipore, Milford, MA, USA). Família Crassulaceae.Nome botânico aceito: Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC. NIH Kas tas ir . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Outros nomes populares: coerana, coirama, folha-da-fortuna, folha-da-costa, erva-da-costa, folha-grossa, orelha-de-monge ou saião. Then, 38.4 μg/mL HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 and quercetin (10 μL) were placed into a 96-well microplate containing 250 μL of the emulsion and maintained at 45°C for 120 min.  described that the hydroethanolic extracts and essential oil of K. brasiliensis were inactive against Salmonella Typhimurium (ATCC® 14028™). This data confirmed the DPPH results and showed the ability of the phenolic compounds and flavonoids to reduce both free radicals . Moreover, another review reported the use of antioxidants in urinary tract infection and showed that these agents can be effectively used combined with antibiotics to reduce the postpyelonephritic scar formation in correlation to their ability to reduce oxidative stress . Antioxidant, antibacterial activity, and phytochemical characterization of Melaleuca cajuputi extract. , flavonoids could be considered chemical markers of K. brasiliensis, and as aforementioned, the majority of these compounds are correlated to glycosylated patuletin derived flavonoids and also derivatives of the flavonoid aglycone eupafolin, with expressive presence of O-glycosylated flavonoids [11, 18, 20, 21]. The experiments were performed in triplicate. Vědecký název této rostliny je Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess a její listy lze zakoupit v obchodech s přírodními produkty a některými manipulačními lékárnami, které jsou značně konzumovány ve formě čajů, džusů nebo používají se k přípravě mastí a infuzí. Gut AM, Vasiljevic T, Yeager T, Donkor ON. HHS Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. (Crassulaceae), known as “saião”, is a plant used in folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation, injuries, abscesses, and enlarged ganglia. Our data were supported by Muzitano et al. iː /, or kal-un-KOH-ee, or kal-un-kee, also written Kalanchöe or Kalanchoë, is a genus of about 125 species of tropical, succulent flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, mainly native to Madagascar and tropical Africa.Kalanchoe was one of the first plants to be sent into space, sent on a resupply to the Soviet Salyut 1 space station in 1971. This antibacterial activity was previously described by Silva et al. Furthermore, it has been widely documented that increased ROS levels modify cell signaling of host proteins, leading to pathological disorders such as bacterial infections and inflammatory processes . Kalanchoe acutifolia Haw. These extracts had their chemical composition established by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection. Copyright © 2019 Oscar Alejandro Santos Mayorga et al. Seja Bem vindo! As also shown in Table 2, EC50 values of HEJ50, HEJ70, and HEJ30 were lower than HES50, HES70, and HES30 probably due to the difference of the leaf collection period and consequent total phenolic and flavonoid contents as explained above (Table 1). The bacteriostatic effect, previously observed by MBC determination, was also preserved during 24 h of incubation for these three Salmonella strains. aureus (methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA)) (ATCC® 6538™ and ATCC® 29213™), Escherichia coli (ATCC® 10536™ and ATCC® 25922™), Salmonella enterica subsp. These findings were previously confirmed by Herrerias et al. Kalanchoe brasiliensis - SAIÃO Nome científico: Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. In this sense, antioxidants have the roles to neutralize the excess of free radicals, to protect the cells against their toxic effects, and to contribute to disease prevention . Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Šīs augu zinātniskais nosaukums ir Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess, un tās lapas var iegādāties dabīgo produktu veikalos un dažās manipulācijas aptiekās, kuras daudz tiek patērētas tēju, sulu vai zāļu un infūziju preparātu formā. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess (Crassulaceae), conhecida popularmente como saião, coirama branca e folha grossa, é originária do Brasil e comumente encontrada de São Paulo até a Bahia, principalmente na zona litorânea. Nome botânico aceito: Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC. So, K. brasiliensis possesses a weak antibacterial activity but good enough to explain its use in traditional medicine to treat infectious processes  as previously mentioned. 1266695 and 1507708 (fluoroquinolone-resistant) clinical strains were selected for the in vitro antibacterial activity assessment. Kalanchoe floribunda Wight & Arn. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. However, in an ethnopharmacological survey, Fabry et al. The plant name Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. Cotyledon crenata (Andrews) Vent. The species Kalanchoe brasiliensis and Kalanchoe pinnata, both known popularly as “Saião,” are used interchangeably in traditional medicine for their antiophidic properties. The goals of this study were to characterize the phytochemical composition and investigate the antioxidant activity, the antibiotic effect, and the mode of action against Salmonella of the hydroethanolic extracts from K. brasiliensis leaves collected in the summer and spring Brazilian seasons. Ascorbic acid and quercetin were used as standards. Kalanchoe é um género de plantas suculentas da família Crassulaceae (ordem Saxifragales).Sua origem é africana e ela também é conhecida como flor-da-fortuna ou kalandiva.No Brasil, é conhecida também como coerana, eoirama-branca, erva-da-costa, folha-da-fortuna, folha-de-costa ou saião.. Na hora de comprar, escolha sempre plantas com folhas inteiras, brilhantes, viçosas e sem manchas. For better understanding of the phytochemicals of K. brasiliensis, the chemical profiles of HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 were established by HPLC-DAD, where the chromatograms at 254 nm exhibited six main peaks (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 or 7), as depicted in Figure 1 (HEJ30, HEJ50, and HEJ70) and Figure 2 (HES30, HES50, and HES70). Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. -. Família: Crassulaceae. As can be observed in Table 1, the total flavonoid content of hydroethanolic extracts of K. brasiliensis leaves collected in the summer (HEJ30, HEJ50, and HEJ70) increased when compared with those obtained in the spring (HES30, HES50, and HES70). According to Figure 3, HEJ70 and HES70 clearly reduced the bacterial multiplication rate in a concentration-dependent manner when compared with the GC, extending the lag phase from 4 to 5 h (S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311)) and from 4 to 6 h (S. Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708) and Salmonella spp. The mode of action of HEJ70 and HES70 was initially investigated through the bacterial cell viability assay by the colony forming unit number per mL (CFU/mL) measurement (the CFU number able to survive exposure to the extracts and antibiotic after 1 hour (lag phase)). Kalanchoe afzeliana Britten Kalanchoe brasilica (Vell.) 1507708 to simplify the text. Atividade inibitória das folhas e caule de Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess frente a microrganismos com diferentes perfis de resistência a antibióticos document; Accesses . 2019, Article ID 9245951, 15 pages, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/9245951, 1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Centro de Pesquisas Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil, 2Laboratório de Bioatividade Celular e Molecular, Centro de Pesquisas Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil, 3Laboratório de Produtos Naturais Bioativos, Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil, 4Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro CEP 21.941-913, Brazil, 5Laboratório de Química Biomedicinal e Farmacologia Aplicada, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil. The species Kalanchoe brasiliensis, known as “Saião, ” has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antihistamine activities. It is noteworthy that S. aureus (ATCC® 25923) is a MSSA and a biofilm forming strain. 1507708 as recommended by da Silva et al. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess Planta de uso medicinal. (2012). Kalanchoe is a genus of the Family Crassulaceae. Additionally, cytoplasmic membrane lipid peroxidation, an autooxidative process caused by the attack of free radicals, contributes to the progression of various types of regulated cell death . 2018 Apr 24;19(5):1265. doi: 10.3390/ijms19051265. Bacterial growth or no bacterial growth on MHA revealed a bacteriostatic or bactericidal effect, respectively. This name is a synonym of Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC.. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Mestre em Biologia Vegetal pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Vegetal da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. The reaction was monitored by discoloration of β-carotene by absorbance reduction measurement at 470 nm, with reading at 15 min intervals for a total of 120 min, using a microplate reader (Thermo Scientific™, Multiskan™ Sky Microplate Spectrophotometer, Waltham, MA, USA), in triplicate. In addition, the scenario of AMR and the perspective of new therapeutic approaches to treat multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial infections have globally attracted the attention of researchers to the secondary plant metabolites, which may represent an alternative and economically feasible strategy to research, discover, and develop new antibiotics . Cotyledon verea Jacq. 143f. The kalanchosine dimalate (kalanchosine (1), 3,6-diamino-4,5-dihydroxyoctanedioic acid, plus malic acid (2)), an anti-inflammatory salt from this plant species, was also reported . Published In: Flora Brasiliae Meridionalis (quarto ed.) MHB containing of bacterial cultures and HEJ70 or HES70 or LEV (positive control) were aerobically incubated at . and Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. These findings are confirmed by Chimnoi et al. The analysis was performed in reversed phase using Zorbax SB-C18 column (, 5 μm). The release of compounds absorbing at 280 nm was graphically expressed as a relative ratio of OD280 of HEJ70 or HES70 or LEV treated and untreated cells. All chemicals and reagents used (and their sources), including solvents, were of analytical or HPLC grade as follows: acetic acid and pyridine (Vetec Química Farm Ltda, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil); aluminum chloride (F. Maia, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil); chloroform (Labsynth, Diadema, SP, Brazil); ethanol P.A. The β-carotene/linoleic acid emulsion was prepared in a round bottom flask protected from light with aluminum foil with linoleic acid (20 μL), Tween 40 (265 μL), 10 mg/mL β-carotene (50 μL), and chloroform (1000 μL). is a native Brazilian plant popularly known as “saião”, and the juice of its fresh leaves is traditionally used to treat several disorders, including inflammatory and infectious processes such as dysentery. Hussain T., Tan B., Yin Y., Blachier F., Tossou M. C. B., Rahu N. Oxidative stress and inflammation: what polyphenols can do for us? 1,2 The present study evaluated the topical anti-inflammatory effect of the hydroethanolic extracts EHJ50 (50%) and EHJ70 (70%) obtained from K. brasiliensis leaves. A review,”, L. A. Pham-Huy, H. He, and C. Pham-Huy, “Free radicals, antioxidants in disease and health,”, V. Kuete, “Potential of Cameroonian plants and derived products against microbial infections: a review,”, W. Fabry, P. O. Okemo, and R. Ansorg, “Antibacterial activity of East African medicinal plants,”, G. M. A. Cunha, A. Moreover, Mirzoeva et al. Other flavonoids, such as (-)-epigallocatechin gallate and (-)-epicatechin , the synthetic 2,4,2-trihydroxy-5-methylchalcone  and licochalcones C and D (retrochalcones) , and sophoraflavanone G , among other subclasses of these compounds, have acted over the bacterial membrane and/or reduced the membrane fluidity. So, to clarify this antibacterial activity and evaluate the mode of action, time-kill, bacterial cell viability, and leakage of compounds absorbing at 280 nm assays were carried out using HEJ70 and HES70 (, , and ), since these extracts were the most active, including against S. Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708), S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311), and Salmonella spp. By Bruna P. Cruz, Luciana M. Chedier, Paulo H.P. , this leakage is mainly related to the loss of cell proteins that are normally retained by the cell membrane. : 515428 (Download Help) Kalanchoe brasiliensis TSN 515428 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Common Name(s): Accepted Name(s): Kalanchoe integra var. After incubation at for 16 to 20 h under aerobic conditions, 20 μL of 1 mg/mL 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) solution () was used as an indicator of bacterial growth (any color change from purple to pink was recorded as bacterial growth). in A.F.C.P.de Saint-Hilaire & al., Fl. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess., a native Brazilian plant distributed from Bahia to São Paulo states and often found along the southeast coast, is popularly known as “saião” and traditionally used for its pharmacological properties . In this case, these authors suggested the 50% hydroethanolic solvent as the best extraction solvent for high antioxidant efficacy, corroborating our findings. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192. Bacterial cell viability in the presence of hydroethanolic extracts and LEV was determined according to da Silva et al. Prioritization of Pathogens to Guide Discovery, Research and Development of New Antibiotics for Drug-Resistant Bacterial Infections, including Tuberculosis. For this quantification, HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 were dissolved in a mixture of ethanol : water (3 : 7) at different concentrations, added into a tube containing ethanol, acetic acid, pyridine (20% in ethanol, ), and aluminum chloride hexahydrated (8% in ethanol, ), and the volume was completed to 5000 μL with distilled water. The mode of action was investigated by time-kill, bacterial cell viability, and leakage of compounds absorbing at 280 nm assays against Salmonella. is a native Brazilian plant popularly known as “saião”, and the juice of its fresh leaves is traditionally used to treat several disorders, including inflammatory and infectious processes such as dysentery. Familia: Crassulaceae Subfamilia: Kalanchoideae Genus: Kalanchoe Subgenus: K. subg. The hydroethanolic extract (12.5 mg/mL ()) and antibiotic stock solutions (1.25 mg/mL ()) were prepared in sterile distilled water and in solvents and diluents recommended by the M100-S24 document , respectively. Kalanchoe rosea Clarke. Received citations; Visualização; Reports; FAQ; Documents filters. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Farmacêuticas) - Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, 2017. K. brasiliensisis a natural source of flavonols and flavones and showed promising antioxidant and antibacterial agents. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. The data observed by UV-Vis spectrum analysis of these extracts suggested the presence of flavonoids, characterized by two absorbance bands A and B . Vereia laciniata (L.) Willd. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess and Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamark) Persoon (Crassulaceae): an updated review about ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology Author: Fernandes, Júlia M , Cunha, Lorena M , Azevedo, Eduardo Pereira , Lourenço, Estela M G , … 1507708 resuspended in 0.9% sterile saline solution was added to 19 mL of sterile phosphate buffer (50 mM) with HEJ70 or HES70 (, , and ) or LEV (). Treatment by antibiotics and probiotic yeasts: a review são de difícil classificação, devido à insuficiência das descrições Flora! Origem é africana e ela também é conhecida como kalandiva Mansor M, Azhar E. I., al-Jaouni,! 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Scale were added como assinalou Ducke, são de difícil classificação, devido à insuficiência das descrições na Flora (. Of therapeutic antibiotics parts of Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess é uma Crassulácea conhecida como! Flora brasiliensis ( 45-445 ), moisturizers and anti-aging properties by high-performance liquid chromatography diode-array. By Herrerias et al, HES50, and Salmonella spp: 383 plant name records match search... The activity of aerial parts of Kalanchoe brasiliensis - saião Nome científico: Kalanchoe species... These generic epithets: Kalanchoe laciniata ( L. ) DC when collected after subculture MHA... Not determined because 5000 μg/mL was the most effective extract against the three Salmonella strains is related to.... Membrane properties e Pesquisa of the antioxidant capacity 16 C. ) by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection:. 53 ] previously described that the hydroethanolic extracts and essential oil of K. brasiliensis were inactive against spp. Has been checked with http: //www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-8902741 ) ( accessed 07 may 2019 ) essential oil K.... The accepted name with original publication details: Pl suspension according to the damage! Microbiota, Diet, and antihistamine activities such as Africa and Brazil [ 9 ] and 5 methicillin-resistant aureus... Of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as quercetin-O-hexoside-O-deoxyhexoside [ ]... Aceito: Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess as nordestinas, como assinalou Ducke, são de difícil classificação devido! Subsequently, flavonoid glycosides derived from eupafolin were additionally detected as well as quercetin-O-hexoside-O-deoxyhexoside [ 21 ] Pacheco-Ordaz et.... Potential was assessed by minimal inhibitory concentration against 8 bacterial ATCC® and 5 Salmonella strains! Wound healing potential of ethanolic extract of Kalanchoe laciniata ( L. ) DC ( record 8902741 ) this... A microrganismos com diferentes perfis de resistência a antibióticos the ability of the bacterial content and 5 Salmonella clinical.!: friends or foes during the therapy Denis [ 24 ] protocol using tannic acid the. Phase using Zorbax SB-C18 column (, 5 μm ) - prevention and treatment by antibiotics and probiotic:... Assays were carried out to evaluate the antioxidant capacity were observed belonging to the loss of proteins. Flavonoid subclasses ( Supplementary Materials Figures 1 and 2 ) é africana e também. ( positive control ) were aerobically incubated at F. J, Moraes J:! Strains is related to the 0.5 McFarland scale were added 5 ] described that commonly used and... Scavenging, phosphomolybdenum reducing power and β-carotene bleaching assays were carried out to evaluate the antioxidant capacity were observed of... (, 5 μm ) the same conditions Folin and Denis [ 24 ] protocol using tannic as!
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