> Accessed 11 September 2014. Most of her crew went down with Pathfinder, but sources differ on the exact number of men killed and saved. The There is an enormous cloud of dense smoke all around the ship, with a high jet ofwater rising into the air on the left. The Destruction of HMS Pathfinder There is no known surviving official report on the destruction of Pathfinder, one of the most historically significant of European wrecks . She measured 370.0’ x 38.8’ x 15.2’ and displaced 2987 tons. It was the centenary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. As the bow plunged into the sea, the after section filled with water and began to sink. Tagged as First World War, Great War, Hersing, HMS Pathfinder, Martin-Leake, submarine, sunk, torpedo, U21, war at sea, WW1, WWI, Pingback: E9 Sinks SMS Hela 13 September 1914 | War and Security, Pingback: U9 Sinks Three British Cruisers 22 September 1914 | War and Security, Pingback: Submarines in 1914 | War and Security, Pingback: The Naval Blockades: (2) Germany | War and Security, Pingback: U21 Sinks Two British Battleships in Three Days | War and Security, Pingback: Jan Bee BrownThe King of the Cats...and other stories | Jan Bee Brown, Pingback: RAYMOND JAMES GUILL - Ipswich War Memorial, Pingback: The Dover Straits in the First World War | War and Security. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The sinking of HMS Pathfinder, the ship was wracked by explosions before finally succumbing to the deep The crew scrambled to get off, but to no avail for most. I am researching the sinking of HMS Pathfinder, 5th September 1914 which was captained by her son Francis Martin-Leake. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla, off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland.This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. The Captain said, 'jump you devils jump !'. At the beginning of September 1914, Otto Hersing, Commanding Officer of U-21, ventured to the Firth of Forth, home to the major British naval base at Rosyth. Our community welcomes everyone from around the world to discuss world history, historical periods, and themes in history - military history, … There is significant confusion regarding the numbers of survivors. [2], Not long after completion, two additional 12 pounder guns were added and the 3 pounder guns were replaced with six 6 pounder guns. Reply to this topic; Start new topic; Recommended Posts. I have access to it via the National Library of Scotland. R. H. Gibson and Maurice Prendergast write in The German Submarine War that 259 were lost. [Note 1][6] Three guns were mounted abreast on the forecastle and the quarterdeck, with the remaining four guns positioned port and starboard amidships. English: Loss of HMS Pathfinder, September 5th 1914 image: A painting of the 'Pathfinder' exploding and sinking. They brought back a sailor’s cap with half a man’s head inside it. HMS Pathfinder: on 5 September 1914 this scout cruiser was returning to base at Rosyth while acting as leader of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla. The 5th September 2015 was the 101st anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. Creator: Royal Navy official photographer. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 250 of her crew were killed and less than 100 survived. [7] The ship was struck in a magazine, which exploded, causing the ship to sink within minutes with the loss of 259 men. September 5, HMS Bangor will arrive in Bangor, Co Down. One survivor of the sinking, Acting Sub-Lieutenant Edward Oliver Sonnenschein,[8] described the sinking as such: The ship gave a heavy lurch forward and took an angle of about forty degrees down by the bow. Maritime historians Bob Baird and Clio assembled a cohesive account from a mosaic of personal accounts and official fragments. [2], Pathfinder was laid down at Cammell Laird's Birkenhead shipyard on 15 August 1903, was launched on 16 July 1904 and completed on 18 July 1905. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Displacement was 2,940 long tons (2,990 t) normal and 3,240 long tons (3,290 t) deep load. In May 1902, the British Admiralty issued an invitation to tender to several shipbuilding yards for a new type of small cruiser, intended to act as leaders for flotillas of destroyers. Brexit: What are the key points of the deal? She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. The sinking of the Pathfinder was announced by the Press Bureau on Saturday, and the casualties among the officers were officially communicated late last night. Jun 18, 2015 - image: An image of the 'Pathfinder' exploding and sinking. He was adamant that his ship had been struck by a torpedo, although it had at first been thought that she had been struck by a mine. [5] <> Accessed 11 September 2014. The 7 September 1914 edition of The Scotsman newspaper reported an official press release that stated that Pathfinder had struck a mine. The St. Abbs' lifeboat came in with the most appalling accounts of the scene. [4] Cammell Laird's ships, the Pathfinder-class, were 379 feet 0 inches (115.52 m) long overall and 370 feet 0 inches (112.78 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 38 feet 9 inches (11.81 m) and a draught of 15 feet 2 inches (4.62 m). It was 385 feet long, was armed with 15 guns as well as two torpedo tubes and could go at speeds of 25 knots. World War One; image copyright Royal Navy Museum. The first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by a submarine was HMS Pathfinder, a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser, on 5th September 1914.She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. [2][3], A total of eight scout cruisers were ordered, two each from Armstrong Whitworth, Fairfield, Cammell Laird and Vickers. The only file at Kew refers to the casualty list. She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. Off St Abbs Head, she was struck by a single torpedo fired by the submarine U-21. On September 5th 1914 she had torpedoed the British cruiser HMS Pathfinder was sunk in the North Sea, off the Scottish coast, ... On May 25th he sank the 12,000 ton HMS Triumph and two days later was to be equally successful in sinking the 16,000 ton HMS Majestic. The ship- which had had a quiet war patrolloing home waters was … One of our best wrecks with a wealth of history attached. It commemorates Stoker 1st Class William Stern (K/5331) of the Royal Navy, who was killed in the sinking of HMS Pathfinder on September 5; four days earlier. Posts about HMS Pathfinder written by Martin Gibson. There were just twenty known survivors. The HMS Pathfinder is said to be the first ship sunk by a locomotive torpedo in September 1914 Scuba divers are to lay a wreath on the wreck of a ship sunk by … The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. [1] R. H. Gibson, M. Prendergast, The German Submarine War, 1914-1918. (London: Constable, 1931), p. 6. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Aerial footage shows flooding in Bedfordshire. Martin-Leake’s brother Arthur became the first man to be awarded a bar to the VC for his courage as an army doctor at Zonnebeke between 29 October and 8 November 1914. Four more men died of injuries or exposure and are buried at Dalmeny in Fife and Warriston near Edinburgh. This week just concluding marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder '' 12 miles off St. Abb's Head on Sctoland's east coast at Berwickshire. Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. HMS Pathfinder. "Vimy" informed me that he had observed submarine sinking, and from the quantities of men seen swimming, and of German voices crying out, from the water all around, and from the absence of any A/S contact in the vicinity, it seemed fairly certain to me that the submarine had in fact sunk, and "Pathfinder" and "Quentin" stopped to assist in the rescue of survivors. There was not a piece of wood, they said, big enough to float a man—and over acres the sea was covered with fragments—human and otherwise. She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. Hi, still some corrections to make if possible – HMS Pathfinder was torpedoed on 5th (not 8th) of Sept 1914. HMS Pathfinder. Learn how your comment data is processed. A BBC report on the laying of a wreath on the wreck on the 100th anniversary of the sinking by divers says that 18 survived and 250 died. Note that this and the next two references are to a password restricted subscription website. 5 September 2014. She was damaged while serving in the Far East, and was scrapped after the end of the war. The flash caused the forward magazine to explode destroying the forward part of the ship, which sank rapidly with the loss of over 250 of her crew. [5] Twelve Normand water-tube boilers fed steam to two 4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines rated at 16,500 indicated horsepower (12,300 kW) and driving two shafts. The sinking of Pathfinder by a submarine made both sides aware of the potential vulnerability of large ships to attack by submarines. There was not a piece of wood, they said, big enough to float a man—and over acres the sea was covered with fragments—human and otherwise. Share. One unknown Pathfinder sailor is buried at Dunbar overlooking the scene of the sinking. There was no time to lower her lifeboats. A local paper, however, The Scotsman, published an eye-witness account by an Eyemouth fisherman, who had assisted in the rescue, that confirmed rumors that a submarine had been responsible. the first royal navy ship to be sunk by torpedo The fact that it is impossible to determine how many were on board that day adds to the problem, but modern research indicates that in all probability, there were 268 personnel on board plus two civilian canteen assistants. 3 MARCH 1945, ON BOARD HMS PATHFINDER, COLOMBO. The bow of the vessel has already sunk beneath the surface, and the first funnel seems about to break off into the water. HMS Truculent had sank in the Thames Estuary after a collision with the Swedish vessel Divina on the evening of 12th January 1950.There was horrendous loss of life, only a few of the casualties died in the immediate sinking but many of those who escaped from the badly stricken vessel were washed away by the ebb tide and died of drowning or exposure. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by submarine.. Pathfinder spent her early career with the Atlantic Fleet, Channel Fleet (1906) and then the Home Fleet (1907). Broken in two, the "Pathfinder" instantly began sinking, dragging most of her crew down with her and leaving a massive pall of smoke to mark her grave. In 1911–12 they were rearmed with nine 4-inch guns. ‘Another eye witness to the sinking was the writer Aldous Huxley, who was staying at St Abbs at the time. She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. It is thought to be a German submarine that did it, or, possibly, a torpedo fired from one of the refitted German trawlers, which cruise all round painted with British port letters and flying the British flag. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla , off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland. She will be open to the general public on the afternoons of Sat 6th and Sun 7th. HMS Pathfinder was a steel Pathfinder class scout cruiser built by Cammell Laird in Birkenhead and launched on 16th July 1904. "I was at the time in the wardroom, but ran up on deck immediately, and it was then evident by the way the bow was down in the water that she would sink rapidly," he said. This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. HMS Pathfinder was a P-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy during the Second World War. Followers 0. HMS Pathfinder Remembered Today: Sign in to follow this . "I was then thrown forward by the slope of the deck and got jammed beneath a gun (which I expect is the cause of my bruising) and while in this position was carried down some way by the sinking ship, but fortunately after a time I became released and after what seemed like interminable ages I came to the surface, and after swimming a short time I was able to get an oar and some other floating material with the help of which I was just able to keep on the surface. The word torpedo was then used to describe weapons that would now be called mines. At 1543 U-21 fired a single 50 cm (20 in) Type G/6 torpedo at a range of 2,000 yards. Latest News. Published. It was the centenary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. Pathfinder was sunk off St. Abbs Head, Berwickshire, Scotland, on Saturday 5 September 1914 by the German U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing. Thomas Frederick Hallifax, RN) was declared a constructive total loss on 11 February 1945 after being damaged by bombs from Japanese aircraft off Ramree Island, Burma. The sinking of the warship was the first ever documented case of a battleship being sunk by an enemy torpedo. Can I point out a couple of corrections: 1) The above letter is describing the sinking of the Pathfinder by torpedo on Saturday the 5th September. At the start of the First World War she was part of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla based at Rosyth in the Firth of Forth. Typical of the scout cruisers' poor endurance, she was so short of coal while on patrol that she could only manage a speed of 5 knots, making her an easy target. The HMS Pathfinder was sunk by a torpedo in waters off the Scottish Borders coast in 1914 Relatives of one of the victims of a torpedo attack which claimed 250 lives have provided a … There is an enormous cloud of dense smoke all around the ship, with a high jet of water rising into the air on the left. [2][5], The main armament of the Pathfinder class consisted of ten quick-firing (QF) 12-pounder 3 in (76 mm) 18-cwt guns. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of her class of two British scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a self-propelled torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War sloop-of-war USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo). The Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley sank the sloop USS Housatonic during the American Civil War by attaching a spar torpedo to her hull. Contents. She is named after Bangor and is the second Royal … This week just concluding marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder '' 12 miles off St. Abb's Head on Sctoland's east coast at Berwickshire. [5] A 2 inches (51 mm) thick armour belt protected the ship's engine rooms, with a 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) armoured deck over the ships engines and an armoured deck of 1⁄2–1 1⁄2 inches (13–38 mm) elsewhere, while the ship's conning tower was protected with 3 inches (76 mm) of armour. 5 September 2014. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}56°07′21″N 02°09′15″E / 56.12250°N 2.15417°E / 56.12250; 2.15417, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Century passes since first Royal Navy ship was sunk by U-boat", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in September 1914, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Pathfinder_(1904)&oldid=996051590, World War I cruisers of the United Kingdom, Ships sunk by German submarines in World War I, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, ADM 137/3106 Reported presence of enemy submarine in Firth of Forth, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 07:27. [2] 17,582 indicated horsepower (13,111 kW) was achieved using forced draft during sea trials, allowing a trial speed of 25.48 knots (47.19 km/h; 29.32 mph). This new year of 2015 will mark the 100th anniversary of the tragic sinking of the Royal Navy armoured cruiser-''HMS ''NATAL'' in the Cromarty Firth in northern Scotland on December 30 1915. Overnight Hersing withdrew from the Forth, patrolling the coast from the Isle of May southwards. A team of divers from the British Sub-Aqua Club (BSAC) plan to mark the 100th anniversary later this year. ''Pathfinder' was the first EVER warship sunk by a torpedo fired from a German U-Boat. On the morning of 5 September, he observed HMS Pathfinder on a SSE course, followed by elements of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla. The vessel sank so quickly, in fact, that there was insufficient time to launch lifeboats. The bow of the vessle has already sunk beneath the surface, andthe first funnle seems about to break off into the water. By IanA, 20 January , 2009 in Sailors, navies and the war at sea. [2] The next day it printed an eye witness account that talked of ‘the diabolical policy pursued by Germany in strewing the sea with floating mines in tracts where peaceful fishermen are as likely as the crews of warships to be the victims.’[3], By 15 September, however, The Scotsman was reporting that Pathfinder had been sunk by a torpedo fired by a U-boat that it claimed wrongly to have been sunk by the ‘brilliant British gunnery’ of a number of cruisers.[4]. Military History. the first royal navy ship to be sunk by torpedo. ", Fishing boats from the nearby fishing port of Eyemouth were the first on the scene and encountered a field of debris, fuel oil, clothing and body parts. It commemorates Stoker 1st Class William Stern (K/5331) of the Royal Navy, who was killed in the sinking of HMS Pathfinder on September 5; four days earlier. The communications were as follows :— The Secretary of the Admiralty communicates the following message for publication :— H.M.S. ( Log Out /  His name is memorialized on Panel 5 of the Chatham Naval Memorial, in Kent. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla, off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland., off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland. During the beginning of World War One, the Pathfinder was sunk on 5 September 1914 by a German U-boat, the SM U-21. Range was 3,400 nmi (6,300 km; 3,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). HMS Pathfinder tribute at St Abbs Head 100 years after sinking. History Themes. The survivors included Pathfinder’s captain, Francis Martin-Leake, who was wounded. Pathfinder spent her early career with the Atlantic Fleet, Channel Fleet (1906) and then the Home Fleet (1907). 1 Description; 2 Construction and career; 3 Notes; 4 References; 5 External links; Description. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Hersing is known to have penetrated the Firth of Forth as far as the Carlingnose Battery beneath the Forth Bridge. The torpedo, fired from U-21 hit her forward magazine sinking her in only 4 minutes (the bow section). HMS Pathfinder The first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by a submarine was HMS Pathfinder , a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser, on 5th September 1914. Related Topics . This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War ship USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo). She lost 259 of her crew with only 9 surviving. The Captain and his secretary remained with the ship until the very end but somehow both survived". The wreck site of HMS Pathfinder is designated under the Protection of. Water came swirling up to the searchlight platform. She measured 370.0’ x 38.8’ x 15.2’ and displaced 2987 tons. The HMS Truclulent Incident. She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. Only 18 survived out of 270. At anchor. HMS Pathfinder. Finally scrapped in November 1948 at Milford Haven. She was so short of coal whilst on patrol that she could only manage a speed of 5 knots, making her an easy target. HMS Buxton later split off and proceeded towards Canada and HMS Sardonyx proceeded to Londonderry. Also among the survivors was staff surgeon Thomas Aubrey Smyth, who lived at Bedeque House in Dromore, Co Down. His report can be found on the website The Dreadnought Project. HMS Pathfinder (Lt.Cdr. 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hms pathfinder sinking

In 1911–12 they were rearmed with nine 4-inch guns. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. At the start of the First World War she was part of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla based at Rosyth in the Firth of Forth and commanded by Capt Francis Martin-Peake.[7]. Victoria Cross at Sea 1939-45 - WW2 Campaign Summary. Former name: HMS Onslaught: Commands listed for HMS Pathfinder (G 10) Please note that we're still working on this section. She was a 2940 gross ton Light cruiser. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War ship USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo).She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. Change ). Elsewhere it lists the casualties. HMS Argus and her two escorting destroyers had departed the Clyde on 31 July. The sinking of the Pathfinder was announced by the Press Bureau on Saturday, and the casualties among the officers were officially communicated late last night. The explosion was seen by British writer Aldous Huxley (while staying at Northfield House, St. Abbs) who recorded the following in a letter to his father sent on 14 September 1914: I dare say Julian told you that we actually saw the Pathfinder explosion – a great white cloud with its foot in sea. ( Log Out /  Notes: (1) Casualty information in order - Surname, First name, Initial(s), Rank and part of the Service other than RN (RNR, RNVR, RFR, RMLI etc), Service Number (ratings only, also if Dominion or Indian Navies), (on the books of another ship/shore establishment, O/P – on passage), Fate In History: The Sinking of the HMS Pathfinder The HMS Pathfinder had been a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser during the WWI-era. However, other British admirals ignored the threat from submarines to surface ships, leading to disaster later in the month. Historum. Recounting the experience in a letter to his mother, he said the explosion had blown a "great hole in the side of the ship". On 6 September The Times declared that 58 men had been rescued but that four had died of injuries. (However The Scotsman also reported that Pathfinder had been attacked by two U-boats and had accounted for the second one in her death throes. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The letter is written by (Naval) Captain Francis Martin-Leake – the letter describes some of the events of the sinking. [1] The website Naval History gives 278 on board, of whom 16 survived. HMS PATHFINDER was selected for use a bombing target in November 1946 and prepared for this at Portsmouth. HMS Pathfinder went down off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders on 5 September 1914. There is an enormous cloud of dense smoke all around the ship, with a high jet of water rising into the air on the left. A spar torpedo is more akin to a limpet mine than to a twentieth or twentieth century torpedo. The HMS Pathfinder was torpedoed while it was on patrol duty on the waters off the southern part of Scotland. HMS Pathfinder. Born in Bishopsgate, London, on July 3, 1891, William was the son of Jacob and Esther. The single torpedo was to prove enough to destroy Aboukir. ( Log Out /  HMS Truculent had sank in the Thames Estuary after a collision with the Swedish vessel Divina on the evening of 12th January 1950. Despite the events of 5 September having been easily visible from shore, the authorities attempted to cover up the fact that Pathfinder had been sunk by a torpedo, insisting instead that it had struck a mine. Published. HMS Bangor is a 600 tonne Sandown Class Minehunter, commissioned by the Royal Navy and launched by Lady Lisa Spencer in 1999 at Southampton Docks. They brought back a sailor's cap with half a man's head inside it. Additionally, the British destroyers HMS Stag and Express had spotted the smoke and headed for the pall of smoke, only to find that what few survivors there were had already been rescued. At midday, the destroyers altered course back towards the Isle of May while Pathfinder continued her patrol. The reason for this is unclear, but probably has to do with the Admiralty's position that submarines — a still new and largely untested weapons platform — lacked the capacity to sink a surface warship with a torpedo. We put our exhibition back up to commemorate the event. [2]<> Accessed 11 September 2014. Most of her crew went down with Pathfinder, but sources differ on the exact number of men killed and saved. The There is an enormous cloud of dense smoke all around the ship, with a high jet ofwater rising into the air on the left. The Destruction of HMS Pathfinder There is no known surviving official report on the destruction of Pathfinder, one of the most historically significant of European wrecks . She measured 370.0’ x 38.8’ x 15.2’ and displaced 2987 tons. It was the centenary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. As the bow plunged into the sea, the after section filled with water and began to sink. Tagged as First World War, Great War, Hersing, HMS Pathfinder, Martin-Leake, submarine, sunk, torpedo, U21, war at sea, WW1, WWI, Pingback: E9 Sinks SMS Hela 13 September 1914 | War and Security, Pingback: U9 Sinks Three British Cruisers 22 September 1914 | War and Security, Pingback: Submarines in 1914 | War and Security, Pingback: The Naval Blockades: (2) Germany | War and Security, Pingback: U21 Sinks Two British Battleships in Three Days | War and Security, Pingback: Jan Bee BrownThe King of the Cats...and other stories | Jan Bee Brown, Pingback: RAYMOND JAMES GUILL - Ipswich War Memorial, Pingback: The Dover Straits in the First World War | War and Security. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The sinking of HMS Pathfinder, the ship was wracked by explosions before finally succumbing to the deep The crew scrambled to get off, but to no avail for most. I am researching the sinking of HMS Pathfinder, 5th September 1914 which was captained by her son Francis Martin-Leake. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla, off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland.This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. The Captain said, 'jump you devils jump !'. At the beginning of September 1914, Otto Hersing, Commanding Officer of U-21, ventured to the Firth of Forth, home to the major British naval base at Rosyth. Our community welcomes everyone from around the world to discuss world history, historical periods, and themes in history - military history, … There is significant confusion regarding the numbers of survivors. [2], Not long after completion, two additional 12 pounder guns were added and the 3 pounder guns were replaced with six 6 pounder guns. Reply to this topic; Start new topic; Recommended Posts. I have access to it via the National Library of Scotland. R. H. Gibson and Maurice Prendergast write in The German Submarine War that 259 were lost. [Note 1][6] Three guns were mounted abreast on the forecastle and the quarterdeck, with the remaining four guns positioned port and starboard amidships. English: Loss of HMS Pathfinder, September 5th 1914 image: A painting of the 'Pathfinder' exploding and sinking. They brought back a sailor’s cap with half a man’s head inside it. HMS Pathfinder: on 5 September 1914 this scout cruiser was returning to base at Rosyth while acting as leader of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla. The 5th September 2015 was the 101st anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. Creator: Royal Navy official photographer. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 250 of her crew were killed and less than 100 survived. [7] The ship was struck in a magazine, which exploded, causing the ship to sink within minutes with the loss of 259 men. September 5, HMS Bangor will arrive in Bangor, Co Down. One survivor of the sinking, Acting Sub-Lieutenant Edward Oliver Sonnenschein,[8] described the sinking as such: The ship gave a heavy lurch forward and took an angle of about forty degrees down by the bow. Maritime historians Bob Baird and Clio assembled a cohesive account from a mosaic of personal accounts and official fragments. [2], Pathfinder was laid down at Cammell Laird's Birkenhead shipyard on 15 August 1903, was launched on 16 July 1904 and completed on 18 July 1905. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Displacement was 2,940 long tons (2,990 t) normal and 3,240 long tons (3,290 t) deep load. In May 1902, the British Admiralty issued an invitation to tender to several shipbuilding yards for a new type of small cruiser, intended to act as leaders for flotillas of destroyers. Brexit: What are the key points of the deal? She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. The sinking of the Pathfinder was announced by the Press Bureau on Saturday, and the casualties among the officers were officially communicated late last night. Jun 18, 2015 - image: An image of the 'Pathfinder' exploding and sinking. He was adamant that his ship had been struck by a torpedo, although it had at first been thought that she had been struck by a mine. [5] <> Accessed 11 September 2014. The 7 September 1914 edition of The Scotsman newspaper reported an official press release that stated that Pathfinder had struck a mine. The St. Abbs' lifeboat came in with the most appalling accounts of the scene. [4] Cammell Laird's ships, the Pathfinder-class, were 379 feet 0 inches (115.52 m) long overall and 370 feet 0 inches (112.78 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 38 feet 9 inches (11.81 m) and a draught of 15 feet 2 inches (4.62 m). It was 385 feet long, was armed with 15 guns as well as two torpedo tubes and could go at speeds of 25 knots. World War One; image copyright Royal Navy Museum. The first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by a submarine was HMS Pathfinder, a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser, on 5th September 1914.She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. [2][3], A total of eight scout cruisers were ordered, two each from Armstrong Whitworth, Fairfield, Cammell Laird and Vickers. The only file at Kew refers to the casualty list. She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. Off St Abbs Head, she was struck by a single torpedo fired by the submarine U-21. On September 5th 1914 she had torpedoed the British cruiser HMS Pathfinder was sunk in the North Sea, off the Scottish coast, ... On May 25th he sank the 12,000 ton HMS Triumph and two days later was to be equally successful in sinking the 16,000 ton HMS Majestic. The ship- which had had a quiet war patrolloing home waters was … One of our best wrecks with a wealth of history attached. It commemorates Stoker 1st Class William Stern (K/5331) of the Royal Navy, who was killed in the sinking of HMS Pathfinder on September 5; four days earlier. Posts about HMS Pathfinder written by Martin Gibson. There were just twenty known survivors. The HMS Pathfinder is said to be the first ship sunk by a locomotive torpedo in September 1914 Scuba divers are to lay a wreath on the wreck of a ship sunk by … The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. [1] R. H. Gibson, M. Prendergast, The German Submarine War, 1914-1918. (London: Constable, 1931), p. 6. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Aerial footage shows flooding in Bedfordshire. Martin-Leake’s brother Arthur became the first man to be awarded a bar to the VC for his courage as an army doctor at Zonnebeke between 29 October and 8 November 1914. Four more men died of injuries or exposure and are buried at Dalmeny in Fife and Warriston near Edinburgh. This week just concluding marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder '' 12 miles off St. Abb's Head on Sctoland's east coast at Berwickshire. Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. HMS Pathfinder. "Vimy" informed me that he had observed submarine sinking, and from the quantities of men seen swimming, and of German voices crying out, from the water all around, and from the absence of any A/S contact in the vicinity, it seemed fairly certain to me that the submarine had in fact sunk, and "Pathfinder" and "Quentin" stopped to assist in the rescue of survivors. There was not a piece of wood, they said, big enough to float a man—and over acres the sea was covered with fragments—human and otherwise. She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. Hi, still some corrections to make if possible – HMS Pathfinder was torpedoed on 5th (not 8th) of Sept 1914. HMS Pathfinder. Learn how your comment data is processed. A BBC report on the laying of a wreath on the wreck on the 100th anniversary of the sinking by divers says that 18 survived and 250 died. Note that this and the next two references are to a password restricted subscription website. 5 September 2014. She was damaged while serving in the Far East, and was scrapped after the end of the war. The flash caused the forward magazine to explode destroying the forward part of the ship, which sank rapidly with the loss of over 250 of her crew. [5] Twelve Normand water-tube boilers fed steam to two 4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines rated at 16,500 indicated horsepower (12,300 kW) and driving two shafts. The sinking of Pathfinder by a submarine made both sides aware of the potential vulnerability of large ships to attack by submarines. There was not a piece of wood, they said, big enough to float a man—and over acres the sea was covered with fragments—human and otherwise. Share. One unknown Pathfinder sailor is buried at Dunbar overlooking the scene of the sinking. There was no time to lower her lifeboats. A local paper, however, The Scotsman, published an eye-witness account by an Eyemouth fisherman, who had assisted in the rescue, that confirmed rumors that a submarine had been responsible. the first royal navy ship to be sunk by torpedo The fact that it is impossible to determine how many were on board that day adds to the problem, but modern research indicates that in all probability, there were 268 personnel on board plus two civilian canteen assistants. 3 MARCH 1945, ON BOARD HMS PATHFINDER, COLOMBO. The bow of the vessel has already sunk beneath the surface, and the first funnel seems about to break off into the water. HMS Truculent had sank in the Thames Estuary after a collision with the Swedish vessel Divina on the evening of 12th January 1950.There was horrendous loss of life, only a few of the casualties died in the immediate sinking but many of those who escaped from the badly stricken vessel were washed away by the ebb tide and died of drowning or exposure. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by submarine.. Pathfinder spent her early career with the Atlantic Fleet, Channel Fleet (1906) and then the Home Fleet (1907). Broken in two, the "Pathfinder" instantly began sinking, dragging most of her crew down with her and leaving a massive pall of smoke to mark her grave. In 1911–12 they were rearmed with nine 4-inch guns. ‘Another eye witness to the sinking was the writer Aldous Huxley, who was staying at St Abbs at the time. She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. It is thought to be a German submarine that did it, or, possibly, a torpedo fired from one of the refitted German trawlers, which cruise all round painted with British port letters and flying the British flag. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla , off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland. She will be open to the general public on the afternoons of Sat 6th and Sun 7th. HMS Pathfinder was a steel Pathfinder class scout cruiser built by Cammell Laird in Birkenhead and launched on 16th July 1904. "I was at the time in the wardroom, but ran up on deck immediately, and it was then evident by the way the bow was down in the water that she would sink rapidly," he said. This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. HMS Pathfinder was a P-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy during the Second World War. Followers 0. HMS Pathfinder Remembered Today: Sign in to follow this . "I was then thrown forward by the slope of the deck and got jammed beneath a gun (which I expect is the cause of my bruising) and while in this position was carried down some way by the sinking ship, but fortunately after a time I became released and after what seemed like interminable ages I came to the surface, and after swimming a short time I was able to get an oar and some other floating material with the help of which I was just able to keep on the surface. The word torpedo was then used to describe weapons that would now be called mines. At 1543 U-21 fired a single 50 cm (20 in) Type G/6 torpedo at a range of 2,000 yards. Latest News. Published. It was the centenary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. Pathfinder was sunk off St. Abbs Head, Berwickshire, Scotland, on Saturday 5 September 1914 by the German U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing. Thomas Frederick Hallifax, RN) was declared a constructive total loss on 11 February 1945 after being damaged by bombs from Japanese aircraft off Ramree Island, Burma. The sinking of the warship was the first ever documented case of a battleship being sunk by an enemy torpedo. Can I point out a couple of corrections: 1) The above letter is describing the sinking of the Pathfinder by torpedo on Saturday the 5th September. At the start of the First World War she was part of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla based at Rosyth in the Firth of Forth. Typical of the scout cruisers' poor endurance, she was so short of coal while on patrol that she could only manage a speed of 5 knots, making her an easy target. The HMS Pathfinder was sunk by a torpedo in waters off the Scottish Borders coast in 1914 Relatives of one of the victims of a torpedo attack which claimed 250 lives have provided a … There is an enormous cloud of dense smoke all around the ship, with a high jet of water rising into the air on the left. [2][5], The main armament of the Pathfinder class consisted of ten quick-firing (QF) 12-pounder 3 in (76 mm) 18-cwt guns. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of her class of two British scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a self-propelled torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War sloop-of-war USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo). The Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley sank the sloop USS Housatonic during the American Civil War by attaching a spar torpedo to her hull. Contents. She is named after Bangor and is the second Royal … This week just concluding marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder '' 12 miles off St. Abb's Head on Sctoland's east coast at Berwickshire. [5] A 2 inches (51 mm) thick armour belt protected the ship's engine rooms, with a 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) armoured deck over the ships engines and an armoured deck of 1⁄2–1 1⁄2 inches (13–38 mm) elsewhere, while the ship's conning tower was protected with 3 inches (76 mm) of armour. 5 September 2014. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}56°07′21″N 02°09′15″E / 56.12250°N 2.15417°E / 56.12250; 2.15417, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Century passes since first Royal Navy ship was sunk by U-boat", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in September 1914, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Pathfinder_(1904)&oldid=996051590, World War I cruisers of the United Kingdom, Ships sunk by German submarines in World War I, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, ADM 137/3106 Reported presence of enemy submarine in Firth of Forth, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 07:27. [2] 17,582 indicated horsepower (13,111 kW) was achieved using forced draft during sea trials, allowing a trial speed of 25.48 knots (47.19 km/h; 29.32 mph). This new year of 2015 will mark the 100th anniversary of the tragic sinking of the Royal Navy armoured cruiser-''HMS ''NATAL'' in the Cromarty Firth in northern Scotland on December 30 1915. Overnight Hersing withdrew from the Forth, patrolling the coast from the Isle of May southwards. A team of divers from the British Sub-Aqua Club (BSAC) plan to mark the 100th anniversary later this year. ''Pathfinder' was the first EVER warship sunk by a torpedo fired from a German U-Boat. On the morning of 5 September, he observed HMS Pathfinder on a SSE course, followed by elements of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla. The vessel sank so quickly, in fact, that there was insufficient time to launch lifeboats. The bow of the vessle has already sunk beneath the surface, andthe first funnle seems about to break off into the water. By IanA, 20 January , 2009 in Sailors, navies and the war at sea. [2] The next day it printed an eye witness account that talked of ‘the diabolical policy pursued by Germany in strewing the sea with floating mines in tracts where peaceful fishermen are as likely as the crews of warships to be the victims.’[3], By 15 September, however, The Scotsman was reporting that Pathfinder had been sunk by a torpedo fired by a U-boat that it claimed wrongly to have been sunk by the ‘brilliant British gunnery’ of a number of cruisers.[4]. Military History. the first royal navy ship to be sunk by torpedo. ", Fishing boats from the nearby fishing port of Eyemouth were the first on the scene and encountered a field of debris, fuel oil, clothing and body parts. It commemorates Stoker 1st Class William Stern (K/5331) of the Royal Navy, who was killed in the sinking of HMS Pathfinder on September 5; four days earlier. The communications were as follows :— The Secretary of the Admiralty communicates the following message for publication :— H.M.S. ( Log Out /  His name is memorialized on Panel 5 of the Chatham Naval Memorial, in Kent. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla, off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland., off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland. During the beginning of World War One, the Pathfinder was sunk on 5 September 1914 by a German U-boat, the SM U-21. Range was 3,400 nmi (6,300 km; 3,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). HMS Pathfinder tribute at St Abbs Head 100 years after sinking. History Themes. The survivors included Pathfinder’s captain, Francis Martin-Leake, who was wounded. Pathfinder spent her early career with the Atlantic Fleet, Channel Fleet (1906) and then the Home Fleet (1907). 1 Description; 2 Construction and career; 3 Notes; 4 References; 5 External links; Description. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Hersing is known to have penetrated the Firth of Forth as far as the Carlingnose Battery beneath the Forth Bridge. The torpedo, fired from U-21 hit her forward magazine sinking her in only 4 minutes (the bow section). HMS Pathfinder The first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by a submarine was HMS Pathfinder , a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser, on 5th September 1914. Related Topics . This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War ship USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo). She lost 259 of her crew with only 9 surviving. The Captain and his secretary remained with the ship until the very end but somehow both survived". The wreck site of HMS Pathfinder is designated under the Protection of. Water came swirling up to the searchlight platform. She measured 370.0’ x 38.8’ x 15.2’ and displaced 2987 tons. The HMS Truclulent Incident. She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. Only 18 survived out of 270. At anchor. HMS Pathfinder. Finally scrapped in November 1948 at Milford Haven. She was so short of coal whilst on patrol that she could only manage a speed of 5 knots, making her an easy target. HMS Buxton later split off and proceeded towards Canada and HMS Sardonyx proceeded to Londonderry. Also among the survivors was staff surgeon Thomas Aubrey Smyth, who lived at Bedeque House in Dromore, Co Down. His report can be found on the website The Dreadnought Project. HMS Pathfinder (Lt.Cdr. 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